£18.99 | $34.95
14 March 2011
216mm x 138mm
Middle East, Gender and Sexuality, Economics
Women, Work and Islamism
Ideology and Resistance in Iran
Previously published under the author's pen name, Maryam Poya this work explores Islamism in practice and looks at the influence of state, economy and religion on women in Iran. Drawing on original research into women's participation in the workforce, the author shows how the Islamization of state and society which followed the 1979 revolution involved an attempt by the Islamic state to seclude women within the home. Its power to transform gender relations, however, was constrained by many factors - the Iran-Iraq war, economic restructuring, and women's own,varied, responses to oppression.
Despite continual state attempts to strengthen patriarchal relationships throughout society and to maintain a rigid sexual division of labour, women's participation in the labour force in 1999 is greater than it was before the revolution, and gender consciousness is at a higher level than at the height of westernization in the 1960s and 70s. Religious and secular women in urban areas have allied to demand reforms and forced the Islamic state to return to the position of the pre-1979 reforms in relation to women and the family.
A timely, readable and well informed contribution to the debates on gender and Islam in Iran. This book offers a rare account of changing policies on women's employment in the Islamic Republic,examines the complex interplay between state ideology and economic realities and vividly illustrates the contradictory outcomes for women themselves - Deniz Kandiyoti, SOAS, University of London
Table of Contents
2. Contiunuity and Change: A Historical Approach
3. The Islamic Sexual Division of Labour
4. The Impact of the Iran-Iraq War
6. Women's Responsese to Patriarchy
Appendix: Research in Iran
About the Author:
Elaheh Rostami-Povey is a writer and researcher. She is affiliated to the London Middle East Institute and Centre for Gender Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Her research focuses on Iran, Afghanistan and the Middle East, in particular on gender issues in Iran and Afghanistan. She is the author of Iran's Influence, 2010 and Afghan Women, Identity and Invasion, 2007 and is translated widely.
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